Category Archives: Cultures and Traditions

Nigeria is made up of over 250 ethnic groups with rich cultures and traditions which features their dressings, lifestyle, religions, foods, festivals and beliefs.

Atilogwu Dance of the Igbo People

Atilogwu dance

The Igbo people are one of the three largest ethnic groups in Nigeria. They inhabit the eastern region of the country and are over 32 million in population. The Igbos (Ndi’ Igbo) are bounded together by their history, cultures and traditions which include dressing, beliefs, religion, dance, et cetera. Dancing takes higher percentage of the entertainment and spiritual (religion) aspects of the Igbo culture. The Igbos believe that dancing performs more functions other than entertainment in the society, such as spiritual cleansing of the land, training of teenagers to keep fit, preserving history and so on. Of all the traditional dances in Igbo land, Atilogwu is the most popular, widely performed and one of the oldest. Continue reading Atilogwu Dance of the Igbo People

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Oriki Oyo (Panegyric of Oyo)

Oriki Oyo

Below is the Oríkì (panegyric, also praise poetry) of Ọ̀yọ́

A ki rọ’ ba fin la lẹ de Ọyo
O ya ẹ jẹ a lo ree ki Alaafin
Ọmọ a jowu yọ kọ lẹnu
A bi Ila tọ-tọ lẹhin
Pan-du-ku bi soo ro Continue reading Oriki Oyo (Panegyric of Oyo)

Oke’badan festival in the heart of Ibadan

Oke'badan Festival

The Oke’badan festival is one of the many colourful and glamorous festivals celebrated in the city of Ibadan, the capital of Oyo State and the third largest city in Africa. Oke’badan festival is held annually to celebrate the founding of Ibadan and show gratitude to its founders as well; and also to unite the sons and daughters of Ibadan at home and in the diaspora.

Continue reading Oke’badan festival in the heart of Ibadan

Oloolu- The Father of all masquerades in Ibadan

Oloolu masquerade in Ibadan
Oloolu masquerade | Abiyamo

Egungun (masquerade) is a popular practice found in the cultures of the Yourba people who dwell in the south western part of Nigeria. It is a means of connecting the people to their long gone ancestors who appear in form of human-spirit to give warnings or shower their blessings on the land. Oloolu is a very powerful Egungun/ eegun (masquerade) in the Yoruba city of Ibadan. The name Oloolu is not in any way new to the ears of any Ibadan indigene or dweller. At the mention of Oloolu, Ibadan people, women especially, shiver in cold and fear which ascertain the claim that Oloolu is the most feared masquerade in Ibadan and one of the most revered in the entire Yorubaland and Africa.

Continue reading Oloolu- The Father of all masquerades in Ibadan

Obitun: Initiation of girls into womanhood in Ondo Town

Obitun cultural dance of Ondo people

The people of Ondo inhabit the south western region of Nigeria and are one of the largest subgroups of the Yoruba ethnic group. Ondo people live as one big family because they are bounded by the same historical background, traditions and cultural heritage which defines who they are. The culture and traditions of Ondo people are very rich, fascinating and exciting as well.

Continue reading Obitun: Initiation of girls into womanhood in Ondo Town

List of over 350 Ethnic Groups in Nigeria and the states they are found

Nigerian ethnic groups

The coming together of different ethnic groups gave birth to the nation called Nigeria today. Below is a list of over 350 ethnic groups/ tribes that make up Nigeria and the states they are found.

1 Abayon Cross River
2 Abua (Odual) Rivers
3 Achipa (Achipawa) Kebbi
4 Adim Cross River
5 Adun Cross River
6 Affade Yobe
7 Afizere Plateau
8 Afo Plateau
9 Agbo Cross River Continue reading List of over 350 Ethnic Groups in Nigeria and the states they are found

Sharo Festival- How Fulani boys endure flogging to pass into manhood and get married

Sharo festival of Fulani people

Nigeria, the giant of Africa, is made up of over 350 different ethnic groups/tribes with beautiful and varying cultures and traditions. The Fulani ethnic group, found in the northern region of Nigeria, are one of the dominant ethnic groups in Nigeria alongside the Yoruba, Hausa and Igbo groups. The Fulani people have rich and peculiar cultures and traditions which guides their everyday life. Continue reading Sharo Festival- How Fulani boys endure flogging to pass into manhood and get married

Ibini Ukpabi- The Long Juju of Arochukwu And A Passage of No Return

Long juju shrine of Arochukwu

During the olden days in Igbo land, Ibini Ukpabi, a deity popularly called the ‘Long Juju‘, was used to settle disputes in the community and punish perpetrators of crimes. The Long Juju shrine served as a supreme court for the people of Arochukwu kingdom in modern day Abia State. Continue reading Ibini Ukpabi- The Long Juju of Arochukwu And A Passage of No Return

List of Obas (Kings) of Benin Empire

Oba Ovonramwen Nogbaisi
Oba Ovonramwen Nogbaisi | Wikimedia

The title of Oba was adopted in Benin Empire after the Ogiso rule ended. The Oba title was created by Oba Oranmiyan, the first Oba of Benin Empire who is also a grand son of Oduduwa, the first Oni of Ile-Ife. Below is a list of kings (both Ogiso and Oba) of the Benin Empire.

OGISO DYNASTY

* Igodo or Obagodo
* Ere
* Orire
* Odia
* Ighido
* Evbobo
* Ogbeide
* Emehen
* Akhuankhuan
* Ekpigho
* Efeseke
* Irudia Continue reading List of Obas (Kings) of Benin Empire

Emirs of Kano (999AD Till Date)

Emir of Kano

Below is a comprehensive list of Emirs of Kano from 999AD till date.

Kings/Sarki/Emirs of Kano | (Reign)

Bagaudawa Period

* Bagauda Dan Bawo (999-1063)

* Warisi Dan Bagauda (1063-1095)

* Gajimasu Dan Warisi (1095-1134)

* Nawata and Gawata (1134-1136)

* Dariki (Tsaraki/Yusa) (1136-1194)

* Naguji (1194-1247)

* Guguwa (1247-1290)

* Shekarau (1290-1307)

* Umaru Tsamiya (1307-1343)

* Usman Zamnagawa (1343-1349)

* Ali Yaji (1349-1385)

* Bugaya (1385-1390)

* Kanajeji (1390-1410)

* Umaru (1410-1421)

* Daud (1421-1438)

* Abdullahi Burja (1438-1452)

* Dakauta (1452)

* Atuma (1452) Continue reading Emirs of Kano (999AD Till Date)

The History And Mystery of Bilikisu Sungbo Shrine In Ijebu Ode, Ogun State

Bilikisu Sungbo Shrine
Bilikisu Sungbo Shrine | Naijatreks

The burial place of the legendary and biblical Queen of Sheba, locally known among Yoruba people as Bilikisu Sungbo, has turned a place of worship and tourism in Nigeria. Millions of people visit annually from different parts of the world to share the mystery surrounding Bilikisu Sungbo grave-turned-shrine located in Oke-Eri, Ijebu-Ode, Ogun State, Nigeria. The historical queen, Bilikisu Sungbo, was said to have traveled all the way from Ethiopia down to Ijebu-Ode where she died and was buried. The natives of Ijebu-Ode hold strong and popular claims about the identity of the controversial Bilikisu Sungbo. They claimed that she was the Queen of Sheba mentioned in the bible to have visited the wise king Solomon at height of his powers. They also claimed that Bilikisu Sungbo was the Quranic Queen Baliqs of Ethopia (from which the name Bilikisu was derived) who visited king Sulaiman. Another source has it that Bilikisu Sungbo was a wealthy woman and the leader of a group of women potters who traveled to far away places. Also, she was believed to possess supernatural powers with which she dug ditches around villages in Ijebu-Ode. Continue reading The History And Mystery of Bilikisu Sungbo Shrine In Ijebu Ode, Ogun State

Gbegiri Soup- A Pathway To The Heart Of Yoruba Men

Gbegiri Soup | Dobbys Signature
Gbegiri Soup | Dobbys Signature

The Yoruba people of south western Nigeria are known for their varieties of delicious and tantalizing soups that sends the bowel yearning for a lick. The delicacies of the Yoruba people compris­es predominantly solid foods (what Nigerians call SWALLOW) like: Amala, Eba, Fufu, Iyan, etc. that are needed to be eaten with soup for sweet and easy passage down the throat. One of such soups is ‘Gbegiri‘ which is prepared with beans. Are you surprised that a soup is prepared with beans?! Do not be surprised! Gbegiri is one of the best soups in Yoruba land that helps a woman construct a pathway to the heart of a man.

Here are the ingredients needed to prepare Gbegiri soup:

* 150g of beans (brown or black eyed)
* A tablespoon of grounded crayfish
* 1 cooking spoon of palm oil
* 1 smoked Titus
* Pepper, stock cubes and salt (adequate) Continue reading Gbegiri Soup- A Pathway To The Heart Of Yoruba Men

Top 5 Traditional Dances in Nigeria

Bata Dace

Nigeria is made up of over 250 tribes which all have their peculiar cultures and traditions of which dance is among. The cultural or traditional dances of Nigerian tribes are used for so many purposes which include: unifying the members of a tribe; telling folktales or the history and traditions of a community; showcasing the wealth and strength of a tribe; celebrating; performing religious duties; entertaining and so on. Below is OldNaija‘s compilation of probably the best and most entertaining traditional dances from selected Nigerian tribes.

Ekombi Dancers
Ekombi Dancers | Global Peace Production

1. The Ekombi Dance– The Ekombi dance is peculiar to the Efik people of Calabar, Cross River state. It is a beautiful and entertaining dance in which maidens are dressed in multi-coloured attires sewn in a mini skirt and blouse form which exposes their tummy. The maidens are also decorated with beads of different colours and sizes. The Ekombi dancers whine gracefully to the rhythmical beats of the Efik drummers in the movement of ocean tides. The Ekombi dance of the Efik people shows the beauty and maturity of a woman.

Nkwa-Umu_Agbogho Dancers
Nkwa-Umu_Agbogho Dancers | Imo Online

Continue reading Top 5 Traditional Dances in Nigeria

Ibi Ugwu (Male Circumcision) In Igbo Land

Circumcision in Igbo land

The act of circumcising babies in Igbo land is an ancient culture and tradition of the Igbo people which has its origin from their traditional religions. “Circumcision is the act of removing female genitalia, or a simple fold of skin (foreskin and prepuce) that covers the head of an un-erect penis”. In ancient times, the Igbos circumcise both male and female children, but as modernization set in, the circumcision or genital mutilation of Igbo female children was stopped while that of male continued till today. Continue reading Ibi Ugwu (Male Circumcision) In Igbo Land

Oruko Amutorunwa (Pre-Destined Names) In Yorubaland

Yoruba Twins
Ibeji (Twins)

In Yoruba land, one of the most important things done when a child is born is to give the child a name. This comes after the child’s ritual birth, massage of specific body parts and other rites as well. Names are given to the child by the father, mother, grandparents (paternal and maternal) and some close relatives also. But sometimes, the circumstance of a child’s birth will automatically give the child a name. This name is known as ‘orúko àmútọ̀runwá’ (pre-destined or generic name) in Yorubaland. Continue reading Oruko Amutorunwa (Pre-Destined Names) In Yorubaland