Category Archives: Cultures and Traditions

Nigeria is made up of over 250 ethnic groups with rich cultures and traditions which features their dressings, lifestyle, religions, foods, festivals and beliefs.

List of over 350 Ethnic Groups in Nigeria and the states they are found

Nigerian ethnic groups

The coming together of different ethnic groups gave birth to the nation called Nigeria today. Below is a list of over 350 ethnic groups/ tribes that make up Nigeria and the states they are found.

1 Abayon Cross River
2 Abua (Odual) Rivers
3 Achipa (Achipawa) Kebbi
4 Adim Cross River
5 Adun Cross River
6 Affade Yobe
7 Afizere Plateau
8 Afo Plateau
9 Agbo Cross River Continue reading List of over 350 Ethnic Groups in Nigeria and the states they are found

Advertisements

Sharo Festival- How Fulani boys endure flogging to pass into manhood and get married

Sharo festival of Fulani people

Nigeria, the giant of Africa, is made up of over 350 different ethnic groups/tribes with beautiful and varying cultures and traditions. The Fulani ethnic group, found in the northern region of Nigeria, are one of the dominant ethnic groups in Nigeria alongside the Yoruba, Hausa and Igbo groups. The Fulani people have rich and peculiar cultures and traditions which guides their everyday life. Continue reading Sharo Festival- How Fulani boys endure flogging to pass into manhood and get married

Ibini Ukpabi- The Long Juju of Arochukwu And A Passage of No Return

Long juju shrine of Arochukwu

During the olden days in Igbo land, Ibini Ukpabi, a deity popularly called the ‘Long Juju‘, was used to settle disputes in the community and punish perpetrators of crimes. The Long Juju shrine served as a supreme court for the people of Arochukwu kingdom in modern day Abia State. Continue reading Ibini Ukpabi- The Long Juju of Arochukwu And A Passage of No Return

List of Obas (Kings) of Benin Empire

Oba Ovonramwen Nogbaisi
Oba Ovonramwen Nogbaisi | Wikimedia

The title of Oba was adopted in Benin Empire after the Ogiso rule ended. The Oba title was created by Oba Oranmiyan, the first Oba of Benin Empire who is also a grand son of Oduduwa, the first Oni of Ile-Ife. Below is a list of kings (both Ogiso and Oba) of the Benin Empire.

OGISO DYNASTY

* Igodo or Obagodo
* Ere
* Orire
* Odia
* Ighido
* Evbobo
* Ogbeide
* Emehen
* Akhuankhuan
* Ekpigho
* Efeseke
* Irudia Continue reading List of Obas (Kings) of Benin Empire

Emirs of Kano (999AD Till Date)

Emir of Kano

Below is a comprehensive list of Emirs of Kano from 999AD till date.

Kings/Sarki/Emirs of Kano | (Reign)

Bagaudawa Period

* Bagauda Dan Bawo (999-1063)

* Warisi Dan Bagauda (1063-1095)

* Gajimasu Dan Warisi (1095-1134)

* Nawata and Gawata (1134-1136)

* Dariki (Tsaraki/Yusa) (1136-1194)

* Naguji (1194-1247)

* Guguwa (1247-1290)

* Shekarau (1290-1307)

* Umaru Tsamiya (1307-1343)

* Usman Zamnagawa (1343-1349)

* Ali Yaji (1349-1385)

* Bugaya (1385-1390)

* Kanajeji (1390-1410)

* Umaru (1410-1421)

* Daud (1421-1438)

* Abdullahi Burja (1438-1452)

* Dakauta (1452)

* Atuma (1452) Continue reading Emirs of Kano (999AD Till Date)

The History And Mystery of Bilikisu Sungbo Shrine In Ijebu Ode, Ogun State

Bilikisu Sungbo Shrine
Bilikisu Sungbo Shrine | Naijatreks

The burial place of the legendary and biblical Queen of Sheba, locally known among Yoruba people as Bilikisu Sungbo, has turned a place of worship and tourism in Nigeria. Millions of people visit annually from different parts of the world to share the mystery surrounding Bilikisu Sungbo grave-turned-shrine located in Oke-Eri, Ijebu-Ode, Ogun State, Nigeria. The historical queen, Bilikisu Sungbo, was said to have traveled all the way from Ethiopia down to Ijebu-Ode where she died and was buried. The natives of Ijebu-Ode hold strong and popular claims about the identity of the controversial Bilikisu Sungbo. They claimed that she was the Queen of Sheba mentioned in the bible to have visited the wise king Solomon at height of his powers. They also claimed that Bilikisu Sungbo was the Quranic Queen Baliqs of Ethopia (from which the name Bilikisu was derived) who visited king Sulaiman. Another source has it that Bilikisu Sungbo was a wealthy woman and the leader of a group of women potters who traveled to far away places. Also, she was believed to possess supernatural powers with which she dug ditches around villages in Ijebu-Ode. Continue reading The History And Mystery of Bilikisu Sungbo Shrine In Ijebu Ode, Ogun State

Gbegiri Soup- A Pathway To The Heart Of Yoruba Men

Gbegiri Soup | Dobbys Signature
Gbegiri Soup | Dobbys Signature

The Yoruba people of south western Nigeria are known for their varieties of delicious and tantalizing soups that sends the bowel yearning for a lick. The delicacies of the Yoruba people compris­es predominantly solid foods (what Nigerians call SWALLOW) like: Amala, Eba, Fufu, Iyan, etc. that are needed to be eaten with soup for sweet and easy passage down the throat. One of such soups is ‘Gbegiri‘ which is prepared with beans. Are you surprised that a soup is prepared with beans?! Do not be surprised! Gbegiri is one of the best soups in Yoruba land that helps a woman construct a pathway to the heart of a man.

Here are the ingredients needed to prepare Gbegiri soup:

* 150g of beans (brown or black eyed)
* A tablespoon of grounded crayfish
* 1 cooking spoon of palm oil
* 1 smoked Titus
* Pepper, stock cubes and salt (adequate) Continue reading Gbegiri Soup- A Pathway To The Heart Of Yoruba Men

Top 5 Traditional Dances in Nigeria

Bata Dace

Nigeria is made up of over 250 tribes which all have their peculiar cultures and traditions of which dance is among. The cultural or traditional dances of Nigerian tribes are used for so many purposes which include: unifying the members of a tribe; telling folktales or the history and traditions of a community; showcasing the wealth and strength of a tribe; celebrating; performing religious duties; entertaining and so on. Below is OldNaija‘s compilation of probably the best and most entertaining traditional dances from selected Nigerian tribes.

Ekombi Dancers
Ekombi Dancers | Global Peace Production

1. The Ekombi Dance– The Ekombi dance is peculiar to the Efik people of Calabar, Cross River state. It is a beautiful and entertaining dance in which maidens are dressed in multi-coloured attires sewn in a mini skirt and blouse form which exposes their tummy. The maidens are also decorated with beads of different colours and sizes. The Ekombi dancers whine gracefully to the rhythmical beats of the Efik drummers in the movement of ocean tides. The Ekombi dance of the Efik people shows the beauty and maturity of a woman.

Nkwa-Umu_Agbogho Dancers
Nkwa-Umu_Agbogho Dancers | Imo Online

Continue reading Top 5 Traditional Dances in Nigeria

Ibi Ugwu (Male Circumcision) In Igbo Land

Circumcision in Igbo land

The act of circumcising babies in Igbo land is an ancient culture and tradition of the Igbo people which has its origin from their traditional religions. “Circumcision is the act of removing female genitalia, or a simple fold of skin (foreskin and prepuce) that covers the head of an un-erect penis”. In ancient times, the Igbos circumcise both male and female children, but as modernization set in, the circumcision or genital mutilation of Igbo female children was stopped while that of male continued till today. Continue reading Ibi Ugwu (Male Circumcision) In Igbo Land

Oruko Amutorunwa (Pre-Destined Names) In Yorubaland

Yoruba Twins
Ibeji (Twins)

In Yoruba land, one of the most important things done when a child is born is to give the child a name. This comes after the child’s ritual birth, massage of specific body parts and other rites as well. Names are given to the child by the father, mother, grandparents (paternal and maternal) and some close relatives also. But sometimes, the circumstance of a child’s birth will automatically give the child a name. This name is known as ‘orúko àmútọ̀runwá’ (pre-destined or generic name) in Yorubaland. Continue reading Oruko Amutorunwa (Pre-Destined Names) In Yorubaland

Yoruba Culture and the Left Hand

Yoruba culture and left hand

The Yoruba people are one of the three major ethnic groups in Nigeria. They inhabit the south western part of the country and are the second most populated of the three major Nigerian ethnic groups, followed by the Igbos of eastern Nigeria. The Yoruba people are well known for their strong desire for peace and unity at home and in diaspora. They are also known for their rich cultures and traditions which include: lifestyle, religions, dressings, beliefs and so on. The Yorubas, also called Omo Odua (offspring of Oduduwa- the progenitor of the Yoruba tribe), cherish every aspect of their cultures and traditions; none is being overlooked or handled with less importance and care because they practice them daily.

Ethics is a vital aspect of the Yoruba culture. The Yoruba attach great importance to ethical significance because they believe that this aspect of their culture is highly essential to every individual’s life. They also believe that it will be easy for someone with good ethics to succeed in life and the other way round for the one who lacks it. Therefore, the Yoruba people use all means to teach their children good manners and morals and how to use them in the society. Some of the means they use are: storytelling, songs, poetry, oral lecturing and so on. Continue reading Yoruba Culture and the Left Hand

Ila– Yoruba Tribal Mark

Yoruba Tribal Mark

Hundreds of years ago, the drawing of Ila (tribal/facial mark) was a common practice among the Yoruba tribe of Western Nigeria. Ila are special marks drawn on the face or body of an individual shortly after birth or during childhood. Those who have this marks are refered to as Okola. Continue reading Ila– Yoruba Tribal Mark

Bori Religion In Hausaland

Bori religious dance
Bori Dancer

Bori is a traditional religion of the Hausa people of northern Nigeria which involves animism, magic and spiritual possession. The Bori religion was widely practiced in the Hausa’s pre-Islamic era but began to wane as Islam was introduced into Hausaland. “Boorii” is a Hausa word for spiritual force which can be found in physical and/or inanimate objects.  Continue reading Bori Religion In Hausaland

Osun Osogbo Festival (Video)

Osun Osogbo is a festival celebrated annually in Osogbo land, Osun State, in the month of August. The Osun goddess is believed to symbolise wealth, fertility, beauty, prosperity and love. Below is a video of the festival….

Durbar Festival In Nigeria (Video)

Durbar Festival is an annual festival celebrated in different northern cities of Nigeria such as Katsina, Bida and Kano. It is celebrated at the end of Muslim festivals Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. Below is a video of the celebration of the festival.