Category Archives: History

Access articles, videos, audios, photos and documents on Nigerian history and save the past for the future.

A video showing Biafrans preparing for the civil war in 1967

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Telling the story of Nigerian civil war or Biafran war through photos

War is sweet to those who haven’t experienced it. Say no to war in Nigeria!

21st May 1968: John Downing-Tractor, a company rep, and William Blakeley, a marine manager, under guard by Nigerian Federal troops who took them hostage when they captured Port Harcourt during the Biafran War. (Photo by Terry Fincher/Express
21st May 1968: John Downing-Tractor, a company rep, and William Blakeley, a marine manager, under guard by Nigerian Federal troops who took them hostage when they captured Port Harcourt during the Biafran War. (Photo by Terry Fincher/Express/Getty Images

Continue reading Telling the story of Nigerian civil war or Biafran war through photos

1999 Toronto Saga: How Former Speaker, Salisu Buhari, Declared False Age and Forged University Certificate

Salisu Buhari
Salisu Buhari

On the 3rd of June, 1999, Salisu Buhari, a young Nigerian business man who made his fortune dealing in computers, was elected as the Speaker of the House of Representatives in Nigeria, a position which constitutionally made him the number 4 citizen in Nigeria. Unknowing to his colleague, the government and the whole of Nigeria, Salisu Buhari was not qualified for the position he held. Continue reading 1999 Toronto Saga: How Former Speaker, Salisu Buhari, Declared False Age and Forged University Certificate

The Assassination of Kudirat Abiola in Lagos on June 4, 1996

Kudirat Abiola
Kudirat Abiola

Alhaja Kudirat Abiola was the beautiful wife of the late business mogul and respected politician, Chief Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola. She was very active and socially conscious during her days. The tireless support she gave to her husband, M.K.O Abiola, when he was incarcerated pulled the string of her death. On the 4th of June, 1996, Kudirat Abiola was assassinated by some gunmen in Lagos allegedly on the orders of the Sani Abacha military junta. Continue reading The Assassination of Kudirat Abiola in Lagos on June 4, 1996

The Story Of Gloria Okon, Nigeria’s Controversial Female Drug Smuggler

Gloria Okon
Gloria Okon

On the 22nd of April, 1985, the National Security Organization (NSO) arrested a 35-year-old lady named Gloria Okon at the Aminu Kano International airport for smuggling substances suspected to be heroin and other kinds of hard drugs. She was about to leave Nigeria for England when she was caught with 56.70 grammes of the substances, 301 dollars, 60 pounds sterling, N20,000 and 19,000 Italian lira. Continue reading The Story Of Gloria Okon, Nigeria’s Controversial Female Drug Smuggler

‘Three Roads To Tomorrow’- A Nigerian Film Shot In 1958

Three Roads To Tomorrow‘ is a 23 minutes coloured film shot in Nigeria in 1958 by BP (British Petroleum) Film.

 

SYNOPSIS
‘Three Nigerian students from different corners of Nigeria come to Ibadan University. While they sit talking in a dance club, the film traces back each of their journeys to the university. Scenes of their homes give a new impression of an old country, and we come to understand how a modern network of communications – all dependent on oil and petrol – has opened up what was not so long ago inaccessible territory’ (Monthly Film Bulletin, 1961, 14). Continue reading ‘Three Roads To Tomorrow’- A Nigerian Film Shot In 1958

List of Alaafin (Kings) of Oyo

 

Alaafin of Oyo
Oba Lamidi Olayiwola Adeyemi III

Below is the list of all Alaafin (King) of Oyo

  • Oranmiyan- 1300- ??
  • Ajaka- ??
  • Sango- ??
  • Ajaka- (Second reign)
  • Aganju- ??
  • Kori- 1400- ??
  • Oluaso- 1500-??
  • Onigbogi- 1500- ??

Continue reading List of Alaafin (Kings) of Oyo

People watching as Fela Kuti feed his donkey, ‘Yakubu’, which he named after Yakubu Gowon in the 1970s

Fela Kuti Feeding his horse named Yakubu

Here is a photo showing people earnestly watching the legendary Afrobeat pioneer, Fela Anikulapo Kuti, at his Kalakuta Republic home in Lagos feeding his donkey, ‘Yakubu’, which he named after the then Head of State of Nigeria, General Yakubu Gowon. This photo was taken in the 70s by Femi Bankole Osunla of ‘Africa 70 Photo Agency‘.

How Ibrahim Babankowa Found Tafawa Balewa’s Decomposing Body Along Lagos-Abeokuta Road

Ibrahim Babankowa
Ibrahim Babankowa

Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa’s decomposing body was found in a bush near a village along Lagos-Abeokuta road on January 21, 1966, six days after he was abducted during the January 15, 1966 coup which was the first of its kind in Nigeria. Here is Ibrahim Babankowa’s account of how he tracked and found the bodies of Tafawa Balewa, Okotie Eboh and others.

Continue reading How Ibrahim Babankowa Found Tafawa Balewa’s Decomposing Body Along Lagos-Abeokuta Road

January 21, 1966- Tafawa Balewa’s Dead Body Was Found Along Lagos-Abeokuta Road: True Story

 

Tafawa Balewa

On the 15th of January, 1966, Nigeria witnessed her first military coup d’état in which notable politicians were killed and some others went missing. Among those who were declared missing was the first and only Prime Minister of Nigeria, Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa. He was abducted during the coup d’etat and taken off to an unknown destination. There was a nationwide search for the Prime Minister but he could not be found; not until January 21, 1966, six days after the coup, that the decomposing body of Tafawa Balewa was found lying with other bodies, one belonging to Festus Okotie Eboh, the Finance Minister, in a village along Lagos-Abeokuta road. Continue reading January 21, 1966- Tafawa Balewa’s Dead Body Was Found Along Lagos-Abeokuta Road: True Story

Head of State Lt-General Olusegun Obasanjo’s Speech Following The Execution of February 1976 Coup Plotters Led By Dimka

Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo

On the 15th of May, 1976, the plotters of the February 1976 abortive coup (in which Gen. Murtala Muhammed was killed) led by Lieutenant Colonel Buka Suka Dimka were executed at the Kirikiri Maximum Security Prison in Lagos. Below is Lt-General Olusegun Obasanjo’s speech after the execution.

 

The Supreme Military Council has been meeting to consider, among other things the conclusions of the Military Tribunal appointed by the Federal Military Government to try those involved in the abortive coup of February 13. Continue reading Head of State Lt-General Olusegun Obasanjo’s Speech Following The Execution of February 1976 Coup Plotters Led By Dimka

Malcolm X’s Visit To Nigeria In 1959 And 1964

Malcolm X at the University of Ibadan, 1964
Malcolm X at the University of Ibadan, 1964

Malcolm X, originally born Malcolm Little, was a notorious African-American hooligan who later became a world known human right activist and Islamic leader.

Malcolm X visited Nigeria on two occasions, one in 1959 and the other in 1964. His first visit to Nigeria in 1959 was to arrange a tour for Elijah Muhammad, the leader of ‘Nation of Islam‘, a black Muslim organization in America. Malcolm X’s second visit to Nigeria was in 1964. Continue reading Malcolm X’s Visit To Nigeria In 1959 And 1964

The History of Ila-Orangun and its People

Ila Orangun Palm wine tapper

Ila-Orangun lies about 65km northeast of Ile-Ife and 90km southeast of Ilorin on the southern edge of the savannah. It is a part of the distinct dialectical Yoruba sub-group known as Ìgbómìnà or Ìgbóónà who originates from the north central and south western parts of Nigeria. The Igbomina group, presently, is mainly found in the eastern part of Kwara State, and the northern part of Osun State where Ìlá-ọ̀ràngún is located. The beautiful and serene town of Ila-Orangun share boundaries with Rore, Arandun and Aran-Orin to the North, Ora and Oke-Ila Orangun to the north-east, Oyan to the West, Otan-Ayegbaju to the South West and Oke-Imesi (in Ekiti State) to the east. Continue reading The History of Ila-Orangun and its People

The True Story of the “Ghana Must Go” Saga in 1983

Jerry J Rawlings at Tema Harbour
Jerry J Rawlings at Tema Harbour | Abiyamo

Growing up in Nigeria, Ghana and other neighboring countries, you must have heard of the popular term “Ghana Must Go“. Yes! It is the name of a common big bag used to store things or pack loads when traveling. But have you ever wondered why this bag, called “Chinatown tote” in USA and “Tuekenkoffer” in Germany, is called “Ghana Must Go” in Nigeria and Ghana? Well, someone did not just sit and coin the name for the bag, a real life incident that happened in Nigeria back in 1983 christened the bag “Ghana Must Go”.

In 1983, during the democratic regime of President Sheu Shagari, the federal government of Nigeria ordered a mass deportation of illegal immigrants living in Nigeria due to the atrocities most of them were reportedly perpetrating in the country. More than half of the deportation victims were Ghananians who had come to Nigeria in search of better living in the 1970s when Nigeria was experiencing oil boom and Ghana, political and economic hardship. The Nigerian government did not just wake up one day to expel over 2 million Africans, there were certain factors (one mentioned above) that culminated in the expulsion. Continue reading The True Story of the “Ghana Must Go” Saga in 1983

How Prophet Daniel Abodunrin Was Torn Apart By Lions at U.I. Zoo In 1991

Prophet Daniel Abodurin's Corpse
Prophet Daniel Abodurin’s Corpse | Abiyamo

Ibadan, the capital of Oyo state, is the largest city in Nigeria and the third in Africa after Cairo and Johannesburg. The city which lies in the south-western part of Nigeria is known for its rich and fascinating cultures, lifestyle, history and spellbinding tourist destinations. One of the most visited tourist destinations in Ibadan is the University of Ibadan zoological garden which proudly houses different animals ranging from lions to rabbits. It is a popular custom of many families living in Ibadan to visit the zoo during festive periods to hang out and have fun as well. So, on a fateful (later bloody) day in the Easter season of the year 1991, visitors stormed the U.I zoo as usual to enjoy the serene environment of the enclosure and have fun seeing different animals they have only seen on screens. Of all the animals in the zoo, the lions attract the highest number of visitors. It can even be concluded that a visit to U.I zoo without seeing the lions is not complete. Continue reading How Prophet Daniel Abodunrin Was Torn Apart By Lions at U.I. Zoo In 1991