Category Archives: History

Access articles, videos, audios, photos and documents on Nigerian history and save the past for the future.

The Historical Background Of Sanitary Inspectors In Nigeria

Sanitary inspectors in the 60s
Known as ‘wole-wole‘ among the Yoruba people, ‘Nwaole-ala‘ among the Igbos and ‘duba-gari‘ among the Hausas, sanitary inspectors are government officials saddled with the responsibility of overseeing the sanitation of houses and neighborhoods in every part of Nigeria. The office of the sanitary inspector was established back in the colonial era of Nigeria. At the dawn of their establishment, they were known as sanitary attendants because their primary function then was to serve as helping hands to colonial masters (sanitary inspectors) who execute sanitary duties themselves. On a clearer note, colonial masters who oversaw sanitization were called ‘sanitary inspectors‘ while Nigerians who worked under them were referred to as ‘sanitary attendants‘. Continue reading The Historical Background Of Sanitary Inspectors In Nigeria

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The Story Of Jacob Odulate And How He Invented The Famous Alabukun Powder In 1918

Alabukun Powder and Inventor Jacob Odulate
For over nine decades, Alabukun Powder has maintained its stand as one of the most popular patent medicines commonly found in Nigerian homes, workplaces, pharmacies and street shops. Its cheap price and quick effectiveness has kept it from falling off the stall since 1918 when its formula was discovered by a hardworking and unrelenting Nigerian pharmacist, Jacob Shogboyega Odulate popularly called ‘Blessed Jacob’. This reminds one of another Nigerian product, St. Louis Sugar, which has also become a household name over decades of its existence. Both Alabukun Powder and St. Louis Sugar have another thing in common besides being around for long, they have never been advertised in the media, yet they firmly held their ground in their respective markets. Continue reading The Story Of Jacob Odulate And How He Invented The Famous Alabukun Powder In 1918

Photo Showing Major Gideon Orkar And Other 1990 Coup Plotters Awaiting Judgement

1990 coup plotters

Sitting from left to right are Captain Harley Empere, Major Gideon Orkar, Captain Perebo Dakolo, Lieutenant Cyril Ozoalor and Lieutenant Nicholas Odeh at their trial by a Special Military Tribunal for their Continue reading Photo Showing Major Gideon Orkar And Other 1990 Coup Plotters Awaiting Judgement

The Magnate Versus The Musician – The Story of the Epic Battle Between King Sunny Ade and Chief Bolarinwa Abioro

Sunny Ade and Chief Abioro
It was in 1974 that the news broke. Chief Bolarinwa Abioro, the Balogun of Ipokia, the Chairman of African Songs Limited, had taken his star musician to court! Everyone who knew KSA knew Abioro. Everyone who knew Abioro knew Sunday Adeniyi. Sunny was the son. Abioro was the father. What could have gone wrong between father and son? Continue reading The Magnate Versus The Musician – The Story of the Epic Battle Between King Sunny Ade and Chief Bolarinwa Abioro

Operation Wetie And The 1962 Action Group Crises: How Power Tussle Between Awolowo And Akintola Plunged Western Region Into Crises

Operation Wetie

Operation wetie was the name given to the series of riots that characterized both the political and civilian scene of the defunct Western Region of Nigeria in the 1960s. Operation wetie, in the context of the crises, means to douse or wet politicians, their properties and supporters with petrol and set them ablaze. The background of the riots is traced to the 1962 Action Group crises which was a result of the struggle for power between two political leaders of the Western Region and Action Group (AG), Chief Obafemi Awolowo and Chief Samuel Akintola. Continue reading Operation Wetie And The 1962 Action Group Crises: How Power Tussle Between Awolowo And Akintola Plunged Western Region Into Crises

The History of Ogbomoso Town in Oyo State

History of Ogbomoso

The town of Ogbomoso lies between Ilorin and Oyo Town in the south western region of Nigeria. The town was founded in the mid-17th century by Ogunlola, a brave hunter of Ibariba descent. History has it that Ogunlola migrated to the present site of Ogbomoso around 1650 in pursuit of his hunting career. Continue reading The History of Ogbomoso Town in Oyo State

Sarah Forbes Bonetta- The Yoruba Slave Who Became Queen Victoria’s Goddaughter

Sarah Forbes Bonetta (Davies)
Sarah Forbes Bonetta (Davies)

Sarah Forbes Bonetta was originally born ‘Aina’ in 1843 to Egbado parents of the Yoruba ethnic group. Her father was the high chief of Oke-Odan, an Egbado village in western Nigeria, till he was killed in 1848 when King Gezo of Dahomey, one of the notorious slave raiders in the 19th century, raided his village. Sarah’s parents and siblings whose names are unknown were killed in the raid which turned Sarah, an Egbado princess, into a slave. Continue reading Sarah Forbes Bonetta- The Yoruba Slave Who Became Queen Victoria’s Goddaughter

How and Why ‘Unknown Soldiers’ Invaded Fela’s Home (Kalakuta Republic) in 1977

Kalakuta Republic on fire
Kalakuta Republic on fire

Kalakuta Republic was the home of the late musician and political activist, Fela Anikulapo Kuti, his family and band members. The commune which was located at no. 14, Idi-Oro, Mushin, Lagos, enclosed Fela’s recording studio, entertainment outfit and a private clinic operated by his brother, Beko Ransome-Kuti. The name ‘Kalakuta’ was a parody of Calcutta prison in India where Fela served a sentence in 1974 for possessing marijuana which many believed was politically motivated. Continue reading How and Why ‘Unknown Soldiers’ Invaded Fela’s Home (Kalakuta Republic) in 1977

Babatunde Folorunsho- The First Armed Robber To Be Publicly Executed In Nigeria

Babatunde Folorunsho
Babatunde Folorunsho, Ilobo and Oyazimo at the stakes

The name ‘Babatunde Folorunsho’ seems nice and pleasant, but its bearer was actually a daylight terror and a nightmare to Nigerians in the early 1970s. Babatunde Folorunsho was an armed robber and a hardened criminal who threatened the peace and security of Nigerians in the 1970s with his ruthless group of bandits. He reigned almost the same time as the kingpin of Nigerian armed robbers, Ishola Oyenusi also known as Doctor rob and kill. Babatunde Folorunsho was dubbed ‘Baba oni lace‘ (Mr. Lace) because of his strong affection for lace outfits which he even wore during robbery operations. Continue reading Babatunde Folorunsho- The First Armed Robber To Be Publicly Executed In Nigeria

The story of Cudjo Lewis- The last survivor of Clotilda (the last ship to transport slaves from Africa to America)

Cudjo Lewis (Oluwale Kassola)
Cudjo Lewis (Oluwale Kassola) | The Encyclopedia of Alabama

Cudjo ‘Kazoola’ Lewis was born in 1841 to a Yoruba family who lived in the Banté region of Dahomey, now Benin Republic. Cudjo Lewis, born Oluwale Kossola, lived happily with his parents, siblings and other family members. At a young age of 14, Cudjo began training with other boys as a soldier and was initiated into Oro, a secret Yoruba male society who guarded the community. Continue reading The story of Cudjo Lewis- The last survivor of Clotilda (the last ship to transport slaves from Africa to America)

Photo of a Leopard shot dead after it escaped from a zoo in Lagos in 1912

 

Leopard escaped in Nigeria buy shot
Men inspecting the dead Leopard, Lagos, 1912

This Leopard escaped from a zoo in Lagos in 1912 causing pandemonium in Lagos and neighboring towns . Continue reading Photo of a Leopard shot dead after it escaped from a zoo in Lagos in 1912

List of People Killed at the Aba Women’s Riot of 1929

Below are the names and other details of people killed during the Aba women’s riot of 1929. You can read about the riot here.

People Killedat Aba women's riot Continue reading List of People Killed at the Aba Women’s Riot of 1929

Agnes Yewande Savage- The First Nigerian Female Doctor

Agnes Yewande Savage - First Nigerian female doctor Agnes Yewande Savage was born on the 21st of February, 1906 in Edinburgh, Scotland, to a Nigerian father, Richard Akinwande Savage and a Scottish mother, Maggie S. Bowie. In 1919, at the tender age of thirteen, Yewande Savage gained entrance into the Royal College of Music  and was awarded a scholarship to study at George Watson’s Ladies College. Continue reading Agnes Yewande Savage- The First Nigerian Female Doctor

Execution of General I.D Bisalla and other Feb. 1976 coup plotters (with photos)

General Bisalla being tied to the stake
General Bisalla being tied to the stake

General Iliya D. Bisalla was executed along 30 other officers on March 11, 1976 for being involved in the February 13, 1976 abortive coup in which General Ramat Muhammed Murtala was killed. They were executed at the Kirikiri prison shooting range. General I.D Bisalla allegedly claimed that he was innocent and so he needed no priest for prayers because he believe he will make heaven.
See more photos and the list of officers executed below Continue reading Execution of General I.D Bisalla and other Feb. 1976 coup plotters (with photos)