Causes of the Kano riot of 1953
In March 1953, a member of Action Group (AG) in the House of Representatives, Chief Anthony Enahoro, moved a motion requesting that Nigeria should be granted self government in 1956.
The leader of the Northern People’s Congress (NPC), Sir Ahmadu Bello, moved a counter motion. He proposed an amendment that self government should be granted “as soon as practicable”.
This led to disagreements over the motion and equally resulted in a strained relationship between the Northern and Southern leaders.
In the House of Representatives, the NPC members were in majority, the proposed amendment was likely to be in their favour. In anticipation therefore, the NCNC and A.G. Members in the House of Representatives walked out of the House.
The meeting of the House was adjourned and members of NPC were booed and called all sorts of names before they left Lagos for the North.
A retaliatory move was made by Northern leaders in Kano to avenge humiliation they faced in Lagos after the self- government motion adjournment on March 31, 1953.
The retaliatory move was targeted at the tour of the Northern Region by the Action Group (AG) led by Chief S.L. Akintola. Northerners claimed it was an invasion of another man’s territory. It was while Akintola and his group were in Kano that a riot broke out which is later known in history as the 1953 Kano riot or Kano riot of 1953.
Several people lost their lives in the riot and scores were wounded. After the crisis, the NPC members issued an “eight-point-programme” to the colonial government to the effect until their demands were met, they would not return to the House in Lagos.
Political Implications or Effects of the 1953 Kano Riot
- The riot worsened the relationship between the Northern leaders and Southern leaders.
- The riot also showed that only a federal system of government where regions are allowed to develop at their own pace could hold Nigeria together.
- It brought about the Constitutional Conference of 1953 and 1954.
- It brought about a temporary working alliance between NCNC and A.G.
- Essential Government For Senior Secondary Schools – C. C. Dibbie
- Colonial Rule in Nigeria and Nigeria’s Struggle For Independence – Teslim Opemipo Omipidan, OldNaija.com