In 1948, Sir John Stuart Macpherson succeeded Sir Authur Richards as the Governor-General of Nigeria. Soon after he (Macpherson) resumed office, he began to draft a new constitution for the country. He was very patient and careful in the process so as not to repeat the mistake of his predecessor, Sir Authur Richards. Sir Authur Richards’ constitution, also known as Richards constitution of 1946, was severely criticized by Nigerian nationalists on the ground that it was imposed on Nigerians and operated without prior consultation. Continue reading Macpherson Constitution of 1951
Definition of Legitimacy
The word legitimacy is coined from the Latin word “legitimus” which means according to law. Therefore, legitimacy can be defined as the recognition and acceptance which the citizens give their leaders to rule them. For a government to rule successfully in a state, it must enjoy the full support and popular acceptance of the electorates or citizens. This is the reason why legitimacy/ political legitimacy remain an important features of a government. A legitimate government comes to power through the consent of the people by voting it in. Many people believe that legitimacy cannot be found in a coercive government (military government). However, the military can enjoy legitimacy by making popular government policies. In a legitimate government, obedience is not based on fear of sanctions but on loyalty to the ruler and the state.
Continue reading Concepts of Government- Legitimacy
Below are the major Characteristics/Features and Functions of the Government in a State
Characteristics of Government
1. Constitution– This is a major characteristic of a government. The government make a set of agreed rules which guides it in the administration of the state.
2. Periodic Change– A government is meant to change after a specific period of time. No government is permanent, particularly a democratic or elective government which changes through periodic election.
3. Legitimacy– A government must enjoy the support of the people.
4. Revenue– The government make revenue in different ways to enhance its administration
5. Political Power– The government must posses political power which is a tool of rooting orderliness in a state. Continue reading Characteristics And Functions Of Government
The Three Definitions Of Government
*Government As An Institution Of The State
Government as an institution of the state can be defined as a “machinery” set up by the state, to keep the state organised, run its affairs and administer its various functions and duties.
The coming together of people to live in a society arouse the need to form a body (government) which will handle the administration of the society. If a state should exist without this kind of body (government), anarchy is said to be reigning in such a state. Continue reading The Definitions of Government
What is a state? Or
What is the definition of a state?
“A state may be defined as a politically organised body of people inhabiting a defined geographical entity with an organized legitimate government”.
(Essential Government, C. C. Dibie, August 2008)
A state must be free from all forms of external control to exercise its sovereignty within its area of jurisdiction. It must be noted that Continue reading Definition And Features of a State
Click here to read the Clifford Constitution of 1922 and its features
Like every other constitution of a state, the Clifford Constitution has its advantages/merits and disadvantages/demerits.
Here are the merits of Clifford Constitution of 1922
Continue reading Merits And Demerits of Clifford Constitution of 1922