Here is a photo showing people earnestly watching the legendary Afrobeat pioneer, Fela Anikulapo Kuti, at his Kalakuta Republic home in Lagos feeding his donkey, ‘Yakubu’, which he named after the then Head of State of Nigeria, General Yakubu Gowon. This photo was taken in the 70s by Femi Bankole Osunla of ‘Africa 70 Photo Agency‘.
The Clifford Constitution of 1922 disposed the Nigerian Council of Lord Lugard (1914) and set up a new legislative council for the Southern Protectorate. The membership of the Clifford legislative council was 46. Twenty- seven out of the 46 members were officials while 19 were unofficial members. Ten out of the 19 unofficial members were Nigerians and out of the 10 unofficial Nigerians, 4 were elected, 3 from Lagos and 1 from Calabar. Continue reading The Clifford Constitution of 1922→
A comprehensive value of the Nigerian art and culture gives you a glimpse of the beautiful stone carvings, potteries, wood carvings and different form of glass work. The bronze work of Igbo-ukuw which lies in Enugu state stands as the highest of the ancient works of Nigeria art. The Igbo- ukuw bronze works with beautiful and amazing designs, are well known as well as Ifa works, while famous places like Continue reading Art work of Nigeria→
Ikogos warm spring is located in the rustic and idilic town of Ikogosi- Ekiti, the spring is one of the tourist attractions that held Nigeria’s tourism in its place because of the historical accounts behind the tourism attraction. The mysterious thing about this Ikogosi warm spring is the fact that a warm spring is flowing side by side with another spring, a cold one. Continue reading Ikogosi Warm Spring→
The old national anthem of Nigeria was composed by Miss L.J Willams from Britain in 1960. But it was later replaced by a new one in 1978 which was written by an assistant Commissioner of police Mr Benedict Odiase and was introduce on the 1st of October, 1978.
The national flag of Nigeria was designed in 1959, a year before the independence of Nigeria, by Mr Michael Taiwo Akinkumi, as at then he was still a student in London. Several designs were presented, almost 3000, but the one designed by Mr. Taiwo Akinkumi was chosen. On October 1, 1960, Queen Elizabeth II of England handed over the flag to Nigerian leaders through Princess Alexandra who represented her at Continue reading The National Flag and Coat of Arms of Nigeria→
The National Congress of British West Africa (NCBWA) was formed in Accra, Gold Coast (now Ghana) in 1920 by the educated elites from English-speaking West African colonies led by Mr. Joseph Casely Ephraim Hayford of Ghana and Dr. Akinwande Savage of Nigeria. The NCBWA’s first meeting was held at Continue reading The National Congress of British West Africa (NCBWA)→
Back in the late 60s and early 70s, the fashion memories of those days were recalled. There are legions of fashion expert and reputable fashion designers, the likes of Ogundero the tailor, Fagbohun the tailor, Lai Olumegbon tailoring services and probably Idowu the tailor, they were all situated around the Yaba axis then. The hub of fashion then were Lagos and Ibadan with no rival, the other places were just coming up in fashion. These tailors were trained in England and could build you a suit perfectly fitted to your body. In the early 70s, the Continue reading Fashion In Early Nigeria→
The history of Federalism in Nigeria can be traced to the division of the country into three provinces (Northern Province, Western Province and Eastern Province) by Governor Bernard Bourdillion in 1939. Governor Bernard Bourdillion (1935 – 1943) recommended the replacement of the provinces by regions which Arthur Richard’s Constitution later implemented in 1946. It was the idea of the Richard’s constitution that brought in a Federal structure but which it didn’t accomplish to the end. However, in 1953, Governor Macpherson’s constitution improved on that of Richard’s by creating House of Rep. with powers to make law for the country and Regional Houses of Assembly to make law for the regions. Later, in 1954, the Lyttleton constitution came in with a Federal system of government for the country. This was as a result of the constitutional conference that was held in London in 1953 (1953 London Constitutional Conference) where it was decided that Nigeria should become a Federal State.
Federalism is a system of government whereby power is constitutionally shared between the central government and other component units e.g. State/region and local government, but in 1954 there were only the central and regional government in Nigeria. Their powers and functions were shared to them by the constitution. Exclusive legislative functions were meant for the central government while concurrent legislative functions were meant for both the central and regional government and residual legislative functions were meant for the regions.
Here are some reasons why Federalism was introduced into Nigeria.
* Cultural diversity
* Fear of domination by the minorities
* The size of the country
* Geographical factor
* Bringing government nearer to the
*British colonial policy
* Economic factor
* Effective administration.
* C. C. Dibie; Essential Government for Senior Secondary Schools; 3rd edition; Lagos; Tonad Publishers; 2008