Monthly Archives: December 2015

The West African Students’ Union (WASU, 1925)

WASU

The West African Sudents’ Union (WASU) was founded on August 7 1925, in London, by a group of twenty one law students led by Ladipo Solanke and Herbert Bankole Bright.
WASU was an association of London- based students from West African countries with the purpose of promoting political research and uniting West Africans overseas. The main aims of WASU was to fight for the independence of West African countries and to put an end to racial discrimination  which as at then was climbing its peak.

The West African Students’ Union came into existence from the activities of earlier student organizations such as the Union of Students of African Descent, Gold Coast Students’ Association and the Nigerian Progressive Union founded by Ladipo Solanke and Amy Ashwood Garvey in July 1924 in London.

Ladipo Solanke was the founder and secretary-general of WASU while J.B. Danquah served as the first president of the union. Joseph Ephraim Casley Hayford, the pioneer of the National Congress of British West Africa (NCBWA), was made the patron of WASU, and with his post he promoted African nationalism among West Africans.

In 1926, WASU began the publication of a journal known as ‘WASU’ which circulated round Europe and Africa as well. The union also published a lot of other pamphlets which had great influence on West Africans abroad and at home.

In 1929, with the support of the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB), WASU was able to successfully stop the project of an African village exhibition in Newcastle on the ground that it will lead to the exploitation of some African communities.

Ladipo Solanke established more than 25 branches of WASU in Nigeria, Gold Coast (Ghana), Sierra Leone and other West African Countries. The West African Students’ Union also succeeded in given birth to some unions and movements in Africa, such as, The Gold Coast Youth Conference and the National Union of Nigerian Students and so on. Some members of WASU were also prominent members and administrators of The Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM), a political party founded in 1935.

In 1949, Ladipo Solanke stepped down as the secretary general of WASU due to some misunderstandings that erupted among the members of the union. WASU however existed and remained active till the 1960s.

CONTRIBUTIONS/ ACHIEVEMENTS OF WASU

1. WASU strived hard in promoting racial equality and self determination among the people.

2. WASU served as an intermediary or a link between the parliament in Britain and West African leaders.

3. The union succeeded in uniting West Africans in the United Kingdom.

4. The West African Students’ Union arouse nationalism among West Africans.

5. WASU proved itself to be a training ground for West African leaders and intellectuals. E.g Kwame Nkruma of Ghana

A WASU project (www.wasuproject.org.uk) is currently going on which included the production of a film documenting the history of West Africans in Britain.

Image Credit: wasuproject.org.uk

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The National Union of Nigerian Students (NUNS, 1956)

The National Union of Nigerian Students

The National Union of Nigerian Students (NUNS), founded in 1956, was a union that brought together Nigerian students at home and abroad.
NUNS was a branch of the West African Students’ Union (WASU) founded by Ladipo Solanke and Herbert Bright Bankole in 1925.
The union actively opposed the policies of the government on so many issues about Nigeria’s education system, the rights of students in Nigeria and many more.
In April 1978, The National Union of Nigerian Students (NUNS) fully participated in many campus protests across the nation against the increasement of university fees. More than twenty students were seriously injured and killed by the police and army sent to drive the protesting students away. As a result of this, the Federal Military Government closed down three universities and imposed a ban on NUNS. Later on, several university students and officials were dismissed.

 

In 1980, The National Association of Nigerian Students (NANS) was founded as a replacement for the banned NUNS. Two years earlier, in May 1986, over fifteen students of Ahmadu Bello University were killed by the police during a protest over the observation of the “Ali Must Go Day” (Ali was the then minister of education) in memory of the students massacred in the 1979 protest. This resulted into the FGM closing down nine out of the fifteen universities in Nigeria.
The National Association of Nigerian Students was also banned in 1986 after a student riot calling for the dismissals of the government and some police officials.

The Clifford Constitution of 1922

Sir hugh clifford

 

Click here to read the Merits And Demerits of Clifford Constitution of 1922

 

The Clifford Constitution of 1922 disposed the Nigerian Council of Lord Lugard (1914) and set up a new legislative council for the Southern Protectorate. The membership of the Clifford legislative council was 46. Twenty- seven out of the 46 members were officials while 19 were unofficial members. Ten out of the 19 unofficial members were Nigerians and out of the 10 unofficial Nigerians, 4 were elected, 3 from Lagos and 1 from Calabar. Continue reading The Clifford Constitution of 1922

Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM, 1935)

Eyo Ita Esua

The Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM) was founded in 1935 after the introduction of the Clifford constitution of 1922 which paved way for the formation of political parties in Nigeria. Prof. Eyo Ita Esua was known to be the founding father of NYM, and other characters like Earnest Ikoli, the first editor of the Daily Times of Nigeria (1926), Samuel Akinsanya and Dr. C. Vaughan were founding members. NYM competed for the political control of Lagos with Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP) which was founded by Herbert Macaulay. Continue reading Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM, 1935)

Standard International Stadiums In Nigeria

Stadiums in Nigeria

Here is a list of the Standard International Stadiums in Nigeria, their locations, capacity and the years they were built…

NAME | LOCATION | CAPACITY | YEAR

* Nnamdi Azikiwe Stadium | Enugu | 22,000 | 1959

* Obafemi Awolowo Stadium (formally Liberty Stadium until 2010) | Ibadan | 25,000 | 1960

* Ogbe Stadium (also Samuel Ogbemudia Stadium) | Benin | 30,000 | 1983

* Liberation Stadium | Port Harcourt | 30,000 | 2001 Continue reading Standard International Stadiums In Nigeria

Ojude Oba- The Colourful Festival of the Ijebu Nation

Ojude oba festival

 

Click here to watch the video

 

Ojude Oba is an annually celebrated festival in the heart of Ijebu- Ode, the capital of the whole Ijebu nation, with an estimated population of 30,000 attendants. The colourful and glamorous festival is celebrated on the third day of the Muslim’s Eid-El-Kabir festival, otherwise known as ‘Ileya’ among the Yoruba people. The festival is used as a medium of uniting the sons and daughters of the Ijebu nation at home and abroad.

The origin of the Ojude Oba festival can be traced back to the period, Continue reading Ojude Oba- The Colourful Festival of the Ijebu Nation

Full Details About The Electoral Commissions in Nigeria

Electoral commission in Nigeria

The history of the electoral commissions/ bodies in Nigeria can be traced back to the establishment of the first post-independence electoral commission in Nigeria, the Federal Electoral Commission (FEC), in 1960. Several electoral bodies have been set up after FEC
to conduct elections in Nigeria.
Here is a list of all the electoral commissions in Nigeria, their active years, chairmen and as well as the elections they conducted. Continue reading Full Details About The Electoral Commissions in Nigeria

Political Parties in the Second Republic of Nigeria

 

Unity Party of NigeriaThe presidential system of government practiced in the Second Republic of Nigeria (1979-1983) favored the existence of a multi-party system. The then Electoral commission of Nigeria, the Federal Electoral Commission (FEDECO), registered five political parties out of about 52 parties that showed up for the 1979 general elections which was to usher in the second Republic in Nigeria. The five political parties registered for the 1979 general elections were: Continue reading Political Parties in the Second Republic of Nigeria

List of International And Local Airports In Nigeria

Airports in Nigeria

There are Five (5) functioning International and Twenty three (23) Local Airports in Nigeria.
Here is the complete list of the Airports in Nigeria and their various locations.

International Airports In Nigeria

1. Murtala Muhammed International Airport, Ikeja, Lagos

2. Mallam Aminu Kano International Airport, Kano

3. Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, Abuja

4. Akanu Ibiam International Airport, Enugu Continue reading List of International And Local Airports In Nigeria

Natural Resources And Their Locations In Nigeria

Natural resources in nigeria

Nigeria is a country blessed with different types of Natural resources, both mineral and agriculture, ranging from Crude oil, gas, iron ore to Cocoa, Timber and so on. These natural resources exists in multitude in different location across Nigeria, which as a result boosted the economy and the development rate of Nigeria.
Here is a list of the Natural resources in Nigeria and where they can be found.

MINERAL RESOURCES

Crude oil and Gas
Imo, Delta, Akwa Ibom, Edo, Bayelsa, Rivers, Abia

Iron Ore
Ajaokuta (Kogi State), Aladja (Delta State), Agbaje (Kogi State), Anambra, Benue, Kwara. Continue reading Natural Resources And Their Locations In Nigeria

Titles of Traditional Rulers in Yoruba Land

Alaafin of Oyo

In Yoruba land, apart from “Oba“, the general term for kings, each king or traditional ruler has his own royal title which distinguishes him from other kings. Here are some titles of kings/ traditional rulers in Yoruba land.

*Alaafin of Oyo

*Ooni of Ife,

*Alake of Egba

*Olubadan of Ibadan

*Awujale of Ijebu-Ode

*Alaketu of Ketu Continue reading Titles of Traditional Rulers in Yoruba Land

Boundaries/ Borders of Nigeria

Nigerian borders

Below are the main boundaries or borders of the Republic of Nigeria (border lengths included)

* Niger Republic and Chad borders Nigeria in the North ==> Nigeria- Niger border (1,497 km), Nigeria-Chad border (87 km)

* Benin Republic borders Nigeria in the West ==> Nigeria-Benin border (773 km)

* Cameroon borders Nigeria in the East ==> Nigeria-Cameroon border (1690 km) Continue reading Boundaries/ Borders of Nigeria

List of Senate Presidents in Nigeria- Past And Present

Nigerian Senate

Here is the list of all Senate Presidents in Nigeria, their tenure and the political parties they belong….

Name | Tenure | Political Party

1. Nnamdi Azikiwe | 1960 | NCNC

2. Dennis Osadebay | 1960-1963 | NCNC

3. Nwafor Orizu | 1963-1966 | NCNC Continue reading List of Senate Presidents in Nigeria- Past And Present

List of Oil Refineries in Nigeria With Other Details

NNPC

Here are the four (4) oil refineries in Nigeria, the barrels of oil they produce (per day) and the date established.

NAME | BARRELS OF OIL PRODUCED | DATE ESTABLISHED

1. Old Port Harcourt Refinery, Alesa Eleme, Port Harcourt | 60,000 barrels per day | Established in 1965

2. Warri Refinery | 125,000 barrels per day | Established in 1978 Continue reading List of Oil Refineries in Nigeria With Other Details