As a Nigerian or a foreigner who is intrested in Nigeria and her history, here are the top 10 things you should know in the history of the nation called Nigeria.
1. The British came to Nigeria in 1851, annexed Lagos in 1861 and established the Oil River Protectorate in 1884.
2. Flora Louisa Shaw, a British journalist, novelist and a wife to Lord Frederick Lugard suggested the Name Nigeria for the British Protectorate on the Niger in “The Times of London magazine” on the 8th of January, 1897.
3. Zungeru, in Northern Nigeria,was the first Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria (1900-1914)
4. Nnamdi Azikiwe was the first and last indigenous Governor- General of Nigeria (16 November 1960-October 1 1963)
5. The Nigerian National flag designed by Micheal Taiwo Akinkumi in 1959, originally have a red quarter sun on the white part as a symbol of divine protection and guidance, but this was removed by the committee.
6. Nigeria gained her independence on the 1st of October, 1960 and became a republican state on the 1st of October, 1963.
7. The first military coup in Nigeria was staged on the 15th of Jan. 1966 and was led by Major Kaduna Nzeogwu. Prime minister Tafawa Balewa, S.L Akintola, Ahmadu Bello, Okotie Eboh and some others were killed in the coup.
8. The Nigerian civil war/ Biafran war lasted for 2 years, 6 months, 1 week and 2days (6th of July, 1967 to 15th of January, 1970).
9. The National Youth Service Corps was established by the decree No.24 of 22nd of May,1973, during the military regime of General Yakubu Gowon
10. Nigeria changed from British West African pound (1914–1958) to her own currency, Nigerian Pound, in 1958, then to Naira on Jan. 1 1973.